And the things you have heard me say in the presence of many witnesses

entrust to reliable people who will also be qualified to teach others” (2 Timothy 2:2).
Santa Barbara, CA, USA


World Religions, Middle East / Asia, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity’s Encounter with World Religions, New Religious Movements, Cults and the Occult, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew, Sanskrit, Philosophy of Christian Religion, Knowing Christ in the Challenge of Heresy, Christian Apologetics, Systematic Theology, Christian Thought, Knowing and Doctrine in Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Taoism, Philosophy for Understanding Theology

Dr. Steve Tsoukalas

Department Chair & Professor of Apologetics and World Religions



Dr. Tsoukalas’s expertise is in Hindu Studies, non-Christian and pseudo-Christian religions, and Christian theology. He has a deep desire to educate majority-world Christians to prepare them for witness to a world full of false religions. His passion is for Christians to be rooted in the essential doctrines of Christianity, so that they can couple their heart for evangelism and discipleship with a deeply rooted biblical theology. He has taught for Wesley Biblical Seminary and Wheaton College and is founder of Sound Doctrine Ministries, a ministry dedicated to evangelizing people in non-Christian and pseudo-Christian religions and aiding the church to do the same. Dr. Tsoukalas is married to Dr. Sandra Richter. They have two beautiful daughters—Noël and Elise.

Publications & Presentations

  • “Avatara and Humanity: Krsna, Christ, and the Problem of Identification"Journal of Vaishnava Studies, 26.1, Fall 2017
  • Om in the Bhagavad Gita: Meaning and Significance"Journal of Vaishnava Studies, 24.2, Spring 2016
  • Studies in the Ontology of the Bhagavad Gita: What Is One’s View of God, the Universe, and the Soul? Editor. With Gerald Surya, associate editor. Lewiston, N.Y. The Edwin Mellen Press, 2015.
  • “The Nation of Islam: History, Beliefs and Practices"In Terry C. Muck, ed., Handbook of Religion, pp. 500-504. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2014
  • “A Christian Response to Islam: Is Islam a Peaceful Religion?”The Asbury Journal, 61.1, Spring 2006
  • The Nation of Islam: Understanding the “Black Muslims" Phillipsburg, N.J.: Presbyterian and Reformed, 2001
  • Christian Faith 101: The Basics and BeyondValley Forge, PA: Judson Press, 2000
  • Knowing Christ in the Challenge of Heresy: A Christology of the Cults, A Christology of the BibleLanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1999

Research Interests

Comparative/world religions, Hinduism, Trinitarian theology, Pseudo-Christian cults